Tony Kaye, born 8 July 1952, is a British director of movies, music videos and advertisements. Kaye has made three movies: American History X, nominated for an Oscar for its lead actor Edward Norton; Lake of Fire, shortlisted for an Oscar; and Detachment, which won Best Artistic Achievement and was nominated for Best Director and The Grand Prix at the 2011 Tokyo Film Festival. Detachment also won both the Revelations Prize and the International Critics’ Award at the 37th Deauville American Film Festival in France and on September 18, it was announced as the Closing Night Film at the Woodstock Film Festival, where Kaye was the recipient of the Honorary Maverick Award. In 2011, the movie was screened in competition at the Valenciennes International Festival of Action and Adventure Films in France, where it won the Grand Prize and the Audience Award, and at the 35th São Paulo International Film Festival, where it won the Audience Award for Best Foreign Film. In January 2012, Detachment won Best Picture at the Ramdam Film Festival in Tournai, Belgium. On top of these many achievements, Tony Kaye won one Grammy for Johnny Cash’s short form video “God’s Gonna Cut You Down” and is known as the most awarded director and cinematographer of television commercials in the history of British advertising.